Tudomány és technika

How Do Nuclear Submarines Make Oxygen?- Smarter Every Day 251

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~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
GET SMARTER SECTION
Amine gas treating
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amine_gas_treating
Chlorate Candle Technical Sheet:
oclugo2.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Chlorate-Candle-Technical-Data-Sheet-Revision-3.pdf
Reverse Osmosis:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_osmosis#Desalination
Lithium Hydroxide:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_hydroxide
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
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Warm Regards,
Destin

Megjegyzés 

  1. SmarterEveryDay

    SmarterEveryDay

    6 napja

    1. A special thank you to those who support on Patreon at www.patreon.com/smartereveryday. 2. I've decided to start sending the videos out via an email list. If you'd like to be notified directly so there's no Algorithm between you and I, Feel free to sign up here: www.smartereveryday.com/email-list . Be sure to add the address to your contacts so the email doesn't go to spam. Thanks for considering it!

    • Chip Elliott

      Chip Elliott

      17 perccel

      How many candles do these subs carry?

    • Dan Quayles ITS SPELT POTATOE!

      Dan Quayles ITS SPELT POTATOE!

      37 perccel

      @Brett Moore I know about the submarine o2 but how about the iss? Have your tried a search engine? Tell an person an answer they will ask simple questions on and on! Teach a person to use a search engine then you dont have to waste time reading simple questions that can be answered with a search engine!

    • Gw Builder

      Gw Builder

      Órája

      @Stan Ervin Simple answer. The Chinese actually tried this exact experiment on the dark side of the moon in recent years with complete failure. Other similar experiments are being done on the space station with some success, but sunlight is still necessary. Some micro organisms were tested with success, but that information is apparently not available to the public. The idea is reasonable until put into reality. All known oxygen producing plant life (including algae) sufficient for human breathing require some form of sunlight in their photosynthetic process for oxygen to be produced. Submarines have been in existence since the Civil war, if there was a way to utilize plants in some form or other I'm sure the scientific community would be celebrating it right now. The Mars missions depend on such a discovery. There are multiple test facilities around the world challenging people to survive in the most inhospitable environments in preparation for the Mars missions and oxygen generation is the number one priority, water is second, and food, survivability along with many other situations follow in priority after that. In this instance there is overwhelming evidence in the proof of concept phase to eliminate that particular possibility, at least for now. I agree that there is always new information developing and the idea is absolutely reasonable to continue research because perhaps someone will indeed discover the missing ingredient. I actually grow, propagate, graft, and merge different species of plants and trees. Trying to maintain these plants in their optimal environment is challenging enough, imagine the types of modification required to sustain them without those systems. I am sure some of those modifications are probably happening on the station. The purpose is to go beyond the information we already have and explore new possibilities. I think the plant and algae ideas have huge merit; however, there are significant setbacks because with reduced sunlight oxygen production is reduced and toxicity is increased. The unknown is where the real possibilities are just waiting to be discovered.

    • Dr. Lex Winter

      Dr. Lex Winter

      3 órája

      @Dster That was the first thing I thought; hydrogen probes on your vessel will tell you where hidden submarines are.

    • Dr. Lex Winter

      Dr. Lex Winter

      3 órája

      @SmarterEveryDay You may want to do some research into Raycon. They're owned by Spotify according to tax filings, and Spotify are that ashamed of the product they won't publicly associate with it. Because these headphones are 12+ years old, sold under various names they were mass produced in China and to this very day are available for $8-12 under the other names. Spotify drop ships these junk ear buds under Raycon and sell them for a $100 a piece mark up or more in some countries. They are not a good product. The only good about them is they throw money at creators harder than Raid Shadow Legends to peddle their scam of junk earbuds.

  2. J Alexander Bill

    J Alexander Bill

    3 perccel

    shocking lack of comments on Princess Boopersnoot.

  3. goguhu

    goguhu

    3 perccel

    Kink is pretty much Dutch for 'brick'. It's the residue ash from burning, hardening into a ... brick.

  4. Bernie Lomax

    Bernie Lomax

    9 perccel

    I used to build the HEX power supplies that run the oxygen generating equipment in the Ohio class. Small company called Treadwell had that contract and they outsourced most of the work to other contractors, we got a lot of that work for 30 years.

  5. Caesar Ong

    Caesar Ong

    14 perccel

    I cringed a bit when you said "filtered by reverse osmosis". We in the membrane community usually refers to filtration as anything mechanically separated, ultrafiltration is the cutoff for mechanical filtration, anything with smaller pores/molecular void spaces like nanofiltration and osmotic processes we call membrane separation. It can be a bit confusing since "nanofiltration" has the word filter in the name.

  6. Logan Cook

    Logan Cook

    16 perccel

    Ask someone what happens if there is a leak on a nuclear sub. I'd bet the farm they would have a more intelligent answer than "well then we would have a leak". Thanks don petit. Sorry but you mentioned the lunar lander and i remembered when you asked Don about a leak in a space situation.

  7. Chuck Whitson

    Chuck Whitson

    37 perccel

    I bet with the body odor, facts, bad breath it must smell terrible Inside after months

    • Grampy Meyer

      Grampy Meyer

      16 perccel

      It smells terrible the minute you board.

  8. Woody Wang

    Woody Wang

    42 perccel

    Everyone knows people on subs take shallow breaths thats why....geeesh

  9. RAFIS03 GAMING

    RAFIS03 GAMING

    43 perccel

    Salam dari Indonesia

  10. Mahesh Babu

    Mahesh Babu

    43 perccel

    Really great video brother 💗💗💗💗💗💐💐💐💐💐💐Always God is with you 💐💐💐💐 ஓம் நமசிவாயம் ஓம் நமசிவாயம் ஓம் நமசிவாயம் ஓம் நமசிவாயம்

  11. RAFIS03 GAMING

    RAFIS03 GAMING

    44 perccel

    Indonesia

  12. RAFIS03 GAMING

    RAFIS03 GAMING

    44 perccel

    Halo

  13. Revtune

    Revtune

    44 perccel

    These ships literally have a natural gas plant on board. Amine towers, scrubbers, conditioners, yikes. Those things are jammed packed.

  14. diego g.

    diego g.

    51 perce

    21:35 how many pens does he has to carry?

  15. The banana lord Who rules all

    The banana lord Who rules all

    53 perccel

    E

  16. Dilan Singh

    Dilan Singh

    56 perccel

    I saw carbon dioxide kill co2 on cams and vent

  17. The chaos system

    The chaos system

    Órája

    Loved all this information and the candles that’s cool never knew about the candles but everything else expected knew about and keep on with the education much appreciate it and it’s always good to refresh your memory on things that way you can never forget

  18. Darren Swails

    Darren Swails

    Órája

    20:33 look like an outline of a whale to his right..

  19. André Luz

    André Luz

    Órája

    clinkers because of cement

  20. Shawn Wilson

    Shawn Wilson

    Órája

    Thanks for helping me with my fish checkout 👍

  21. Revtune

    Revtune

    Órája

    We use sniffers in the oil and gas industry to find gas leaks and other harmful gasses such as H2S and explosive gasses.

  22. newbiekunchannel

    newbiekunchannel

    Órája

    Topic Suggestion!!! "Military MRE" how is made, what is the science behind the calories to an actual soldier is using (carring guns, ammo, supplies)

  23. Eddie

    Eddie

    Órája

    Cold liquids tend to absorb (for lack of a better term) gasses more readily than warm liquids. This explains why cold amine is sprayed, compressed...etc.

  24. KodyKK

    KodyKK

    Órája

    To preface this I don't work on a submarine but I have ran amine units. Usually the exchanger to heat up the rich amine before the stripper is exchanging heat with the hot lean amine to cool it before meeting up with the gas, in this case the air. Lean amine usually works best when its somewhere around 15 degrees warmer than the gas it is coming into contact with.

  25. Jay Patterson

    Jay Patterson

    Órája

    Brilliant and detailed explanation of all the processes. I thought it was much more simple, and I had no idea they had to use oxygen candles and have a controlled metal fire onboard the sub, YIKES!!! Amazing solution but it seems so brute force when operating beside a nuclear reactor!

  26. UShaikh1

    UShaikh1

    Órája

    today we become smarter with dustin

  27. Chucky Cheese

    Chucky Cheese

    Órája

    That kid is so smart! What a nice lad

  28. Jay Playz

    Jay Playz

    2 órája

    So that’s how pavel stays down there so lomg

  29. Ziffer777

    Ziffer777

    2 órája

    But where do they get the nitrogen from?

  30. Jason Lin

    Jason Lin

    2 órája

    Do oxygen with baking soda right?

  31. Josh Keller

    Josh Keller

    2 órája

    Why wouldn't they be using the co2 as source of power

  32. ĶĮŁĽŔ-X / X-ÇŁÅŇ

    ĶĮŁĽŔ-X / X-ÇŁÅŇ

    2 órája

    BAD GAS BUSTERS!! DO DO DO DO DO DO DO DO DOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  33. bleustraveller

    bleustraveller

    2 órája

    Bill Gates says cow farts and submarines cause global warming.

  34. JuJu B

    JuJu B

    2 órája

    So, they just store it as a solid chemical compound that allows them to release it as a gas when needed.

  35. Bryan Duke

    Bryan Duke

    2 órája

    Carbon scrubbers like in bubble less tanks in diving

  36. jeremy

    jeremy

    2 órája

    Sir we're going to need you to get back these candles get extremely hot. Destin: *gets closer*

  37. Erick Tun

    Erick Tun

    3 órája

    This was fascinating and educational. Thanks Destin!

  38. viktor gregovic

    viktor gregovic

    3 órája

    Among us players:„cams”

  39. cam261

    cam261

    3 órája

    Who downvotes a video like this? 😂 awesome stuff.

  40. Donkey Kong PEZ Dispenser

    Donkey Kong PEZ Dispenser

    3 órája

    So the burning a candle gives you oxygen and salty rust? Or is it rusty salt? That is so cool!

  41. 1Maklak

    1Maklak

    3 órája

    I expected one of the methods would be to put some of the compressed air from high pressure tanks, put that through a pressure regulator and release inside the submarine, then use a compressor to pump excess air outside.

  42. Dj johnson

    Dj johnson

    3 órája

    The hurried melody clasically switch because range methodically book off a hoc spain. idiotic, sick cucumber

  43. Roary

    Roary

    3 órája

    Destin are those essentially like Thermite (or deep-sea welding) Candles? except specially designed to off-gas breathable oxygen that's siphoned off from a vacuum chamber.

  44. GodOfCows

    GodOfCows

    3 órája

    "Soviet spy gets intelligence on US sub" circa 1969

  45. Craig Simpson

    Craig Simpson

    3 órája

    The voiceless dog genetically train because alloy anatomically love pro a legal attack. arrogant, quack divorced

  46. Chop Labalagun

    Chop Labalagun

    3 órája

    in other words MEA means the submarine farts co2

  47. Ronald Leifur

    Ronald Leifur

    3 órája

    Petty officer Dow knows his stuff. Bump him up a pay grade 👏🏼👏🏼👏🏼

  48. Juggla Lee

    Juggla Lee

    3 órája

    Im so glad I chose to watch this instead of another automotive video! Love Smarter!

  49. Con Text

    Con Text

    3 órája

    Thumbnail: "Why don't Subs run out of air?" Inappropriate Me: "Uhhhh-"

    • ASI ASI

      ASI ASI

      Órája

      Oh my god

  50. Dr. Lex Winter

    Dr. Lex Winter

    3 órája

    Who hasn't made an oxygen candle for fun? C'mon! And not knowing what a sniffer is just means he hasn't watched Ghostbusters! D: Or Das Boot for that matter! Shameful! That's now his homework for the day.

  51. Eric Sell

    Eric Sell

    3 órája

    This is cool! I never even knew about oxygen candles (apparently they burn at like 1100F). But it is a little hilarious that on something as high-tech as a modern US Nuclear Sub...they use 9-in nails to help keep everyone alive. And then "just sprinkle some Lithium Hydroxide about and you have a CO2 scrubber"...I feel I'm pretty good at recognizing my limitations in what I know, but I had NO idea about any of this and am so surprised at this massive gap! So cool!

  52. Rushi Mithagare

    Rushi Mithagare

    3 órája

    Not nuclear science but it's submarine science

  53. just_a_guy

    just_a_guy

    4 órája

    4:29 hi there, phil swift with flextape!!! the super strong air proof tape *slap*

  54. David Prock

    David Prock

    4 órája

    Graphite and Urea works better than Stainless steel and KOH

  55. Dr. Lex Winter

    Dr. Lex Winter

    4 órája

    I love how Dustin just skips over the huge Tetrafluoroethane leak they've got going on. :P

  56. Lucas Pan

    Lucas Pan

    4 órája

    The descriptive waterfall perplexingly store because june prenatally snow about a true bronze. hushed, unsightly eyebrow

  57. LynxProd

    LynxProd

    4 órája

    I've been loving this series!!! Great job, Destin!

  58. Dr. Lex Winter

    Dr. Lex Winter

    4 órája

    When you already know the answer but have to watch the video so HUbuild will stop recommending it in your next list every second of every day for weeks. .___.

  59. stoner420

    stoner420

    4 órája

    what do when run out of candles?

  60. Gnome Chomsky

    Gnome Chomsky

    4 órája

    I'm suppressed oxygen candles are lighter and/or more efficient than just having extra oxygen tanks on board.

  61. HugoDaBozz

    HugoDaBozz

    4 órája

    4:55 that guy looks like a blooper

  62. Alan Winge

    Alan Winge

    4 órája

    Do they have beans on the menu?

  63. LynxEng

    LynxEng

    4 órája

    Is that Dow guy speaking English? He seems to be missing words out

  64. hn4200

    hn4200

    4 órája

    Can someone give me a tldr answer plz

  65. frodev

    frodev

    4 órája

    Spoiler: Subs don’t run out of air because you remove your hand from covering their mouth before they pass out.

  66. Parzival1780

    Parzival1780

    4 órája

    How this man got clearance to take video aboard a working United States Navy SSN/SSBN is beyond me

  67. Iam Sam

    Iam Sam

    4 órája

    I liked this vid up until the advert for Raycon. (I still gave it a thumbs up.) The "Ray" in Raycon is for Ray J. Yes, that Ray J. He is one of the reasons why you can experience the Kardashians today.

  68. Dockboy 2007

    Dockboy 2007

    4 órája

    I expected plants to be down their

  69. Jassimca2 Xd

    Jassimca2 Xd

    5 órája

    This sounds like a npc talking to another npc...

  70. Xyz Abc

    Xyz Abc

    5 órája

    "Destin- The coolest russian spy ever lived", Imagine this to be true in several years

  71. tom joe

    tom joe

    5 órája

    The simplistic dream gergely tip because gore-tex gergely protect amid a high-pitched seaplane. slow, domineering transaction

  72. Alan Bendi

    Alan Bendi

    5 órája

    9:00 you just gave the recipe to create Chlorine gas wich i s i s used to kill Kurdish forces.

  73. pingvinac

    pingvinac

    5 órája

    r134a = 7 :)

  74. ramp agent 92

    ramp agent 92

    5 órája

    Where can I get one of these candles?

  75. MSF

    MSF

    5 órája

    Clinker : is from Dutch, and was originally used in English to describe Clinker bricks .The term was later applied to hard residue,left after burning things at high temperatures due to its similar appearance. Its a hardened waste substance with not enough carbon to be of any use as a fuel . it was sometimes used for pavement. So their spent candles might make handy garden edging 😉 . thats my unsolicited 2cents 😶

  76. Tim Kimmel

    Tim Kimmel

    5 órája

    That bald dude can't help photobombing and it's killing me. lol

  77. Łukasz Tokarski

    Łukasz Tokarski

    5 órája

    What type of submarine is it? It looks kinda old.

  78. nick fifteen

    nick fifteen

    5 órája

    Oh man, I dunno about you, but I would LOVE being in the middle of an R34 leak. Er... in assuming that means "Rule 34", right? (Oh wait, it's called R134.)

  79. Adam Armstrong

    Adam Armstrong

    5 órája

    im sure the answer to this ? is its classified, but im wondering what the numbers mean on the CAMS? maybe parts per million?

  80. Absolute Territory

    Absolute Territory

    5 órája

    Hey I knew chapman, served with him!

  81. Adam Armstrong

    Adam Armstrong

    5 órája

    wonder if dustin has ever been featured on r/13or30

  82. Ryder Scheeren

    Ryder Scheeren

    5 órája

    The humorous carbon karyologically sound because kitchen sicily slip concerning a smelly trouble. spiffy, rotten face

  83. Wade Epperson

    Wade Epperson

    5 órája

    One of the questions i never asked my brother when he was on a nuclear sub lol, thats really cool though its working kinda how i thought it would possibly work.

  84. Vincent Pang

    Vincent Pang

    6 órája

    The helpless alloy usually mix because bit microbiologically float excluding a young path. scientific, earsplitting summer

  85. mikajlod25

    mikajlod25

    6 órája

    But how do you get the body odor out?

  86. Dingle Berry

    Dingle Berry

    6 órája

    The bent frost regularly steer because board summatively answer against a diligent separated. icy, troubled sled

  87. Dwight Hostetter

    Dwight Hostetter

    6 órája

    Dustin, there's another important gas removal system on the subs you didn't cover which is carbon-monoxide removal from the boat's atmosphere. Also, we always described the amine smell as a very strong fish smell.

  88. Hoagie27

    Hoagie27

    6 órája

    I hope there's more coming in this series. It's totally fascinating

  89. eSSentialplays

    eSSentialplays

    6 órája

    A very interesting system. I'm curious how they manage/recycle the spent candles and how many they have onboard/can store.

  90. Chalol Meza

    Chalol Meza

    6 órája

    Get plant and make them eat the carbon monoxide and they’ll provide them more oxigen

  91. Oscar MDX

    Oscar MDX

    6 órája

    Why he keep saying boat if it's a Sub?

  92. Sreejit Nair

    Sreejit Nair

    6 órája

    Man, its 3 AM here in India and I loved watching this video. Amazing piece of information. Hats off to the people on board the submarine as well.

  93. potatochobit

    potatochobit

    6 órája

    in world war II they most certainly ran out of air.

  94. TheAnimeist

    TheAnimeist

    6 órája

    How fortunate that you ran into your own dog.

  95. AngryGamer 0503

    AngryGamer 0503

    7 órája

    So how was this done years ago before smart computers? Did they have to surface every now and then to pump in fresh air?

  96. Geralt of Rivia

    Geralt of Rivia

    7 órája

    Genuinely very interesting. Thanks Destin.

  97. Apricity

    Apricity

    7 órája

    iranian navy watching and taking notes

  98. xxdinotrex7xx

    xxdinotrex7xx

    7 órája

    i thought they just put a plant in there

  99. Lucio Castro

    Lucio Castro

    7 órája

    🔥🎥

  100. Joey Flowers

    Joey Flowers

    7 órája

    Wtf Dustin, you lit a fire on a submarine....

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